telnet/netcat: Waiting for a port to be open
On Friday Nathan and I were setting up a new virtual machine and we needed a firewall rule to be created to allow us to connect to another machine which had some JAR files we wanted to download.
We wanted to know when it had been done by one of our operations team and I initially thought we might be able to do that using telnet:
$ telnet 10.0.0.1 8081 Trying 10.0.0.1... telnet: connect to address 10.0.0.1: Operation timed out telnet: Unable to connect to remote host
We wanted to put a watch on the command so that it would be repeated every few seconds and indicate when we’d could connect to the port. However, as as far as I can tell there’s no way to reduce the length of the telnet timeout so Nathan suggested using netcat instead.
We ended up with the following command…
$ nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081 nc: connect to 10.0.0.1 port 8081 (tcp) failed: Connection refused
...which we can then wire up with watch like so:
$ watch "nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081" Every 2.0s: nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081 Sun Jan 20 15:48:05 2013 nc: connect to 10.0.0.1 port 8081 (tcp) timed out: Operation now in progress
And then when it works:
Every 2.0s: nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081 Sun Jan 20 15:49:53 2013 Connection to 10.0.0.1 8081 port [tcp] succeeded!
About the author
I'm currently working on real-time user-facing analytics with Apache Pinot at StarTree. I publish short 5 minute videos showing how to solve data problems on YouTube @LearnDataWithMark. I previously worked on graph analytics at Neo4j, where I also co-authored the O'Reilly Graph Algorithms Book with Amy Hodler.