AWS: Attaching an EBS volume on an EC2 instance and making it available for use
I recently wanted to attach an EBS volume to an existing EC2 instance that I had running and since it was for a one off tasks (famous last words) I decided to configure it manually.
I created the EBS volume through the AWS console and one thing that initially caught me out is that the EC2 instance and EBS volume need to be in the same region and zone.
Therefore if I create my EC2 instance in 'eu-west-1b' then I need to create my EBS volume in 'eu-west-1b' as well otherwise I won’t be able to attach it to that instance.
I attached the device as /dev/sdf although the UI gives the following warning:
Linux Devices: /dev/sdf through /dev/sdp Note: Newer linux kernels may rename your devices to /dev/xvdf through /dev/xvdp internally, even when the device name entered here (and shown in the details) is /dev/sdf through /dev/sdp.
After attaching the EBS volume to the EC2 instance my next step was to SSH onto my EC2 instance and make the EBS volume available.
The first step is to create a file system on the volume:
$ sudo mkfs -t ext3 /dev/sdf mke2fs 1.42 (29-Nov-2011) Could not stat /dev/sdf --- No such file or directory The device apparently does not exist; did you specify it correctly?
It turns out that warning was handy and the device has in fact been renamed. We can confirm this by calling fdisk:
$ sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/xvda1: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders, total 16777216 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000000 Disk /dev/xvda1 doesn't contain a valid partition table Disk /dev/xvdf: 53.7 GB, 53687091200 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 6527 cylinders, total 104857600 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000000 Disk /dev/xvdf doesn't contain a valid partition table
/dev/xvdf is the one we’re interested in so I re-ran the previous command:
$ sudo mkfs -t ext3 /dev/xvdf mke2fs 1.42 (29-Nov-2011) Filesystem label= OS type: Linux Block size=4096 (log=2) Fragment size=4096 (log=2) Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks 3276800 inodes, 13107200 blocks 655360 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user First data block=0 Maximum filesystem blocks=4294967296 400 block groups 32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group 8192 inodes per group Superblock backups stored on blocks: 32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 4096000, 7962624, 11239424 Allocating group tables: done Writing inode tables: done Creating journal (32768 blocks): done Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
Once I’d done that I needed to create a mount point for the volume and I thought the best place was probably a directory under /mnt:
$ sudo mkdir /mnt/ebs
The final step is to mount the volume:
$ sudo mount /dev/xvdf /mnt/ebs
And if we run df we can see that it’s ready to go:
$ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/xvda1 7.9G 883M 6.7G 12% / udev 288M 8.0K 288M 1% /dev tmpfs 119M 164K 118M 1% /run none 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock none 296M 0 296M 0% /run/shm /dev/xvdf 50G 180M 47G 1% /mnt/ebs